Thousands of people participated in Saturday’s March for Our Lives Raleigh to demand common sense gun reform, advocate for full funding for the student support services desperately needed in our schools and, notably, to register voters. Raleigh’s was one of countless sibling marches that took place this past weekend, with the main rally in Washington, DC drawing an estimated one million attendees.
As our state begins to look closely at the need to address school safety in light of mass shootings on school campuses, lawmakers would do well to listen to the demands voiced by these marchers and to inform their decisions with the experiences and needs of those inside the school building every day. When policies are developed with the best interests of students, educators and school support staff in mind, as with any seemingly intractable issue, we may find that the solution lies within the problem itself.
Unfortunately, many of the “solutions” proposed in the aftermath of latest mass school shooting in Parkland, Florida have centered exclusively on “hardening” schools by expanding the number of armed school resource officers (SRO’s), installing metal detectors, practicing regular lock-down drills and, even arming educators (a proposal that almost 80 percent of teachers in NC oppose).
This would be a misguided and inadequate approach.
For as unspeakably horrific as mass school shootings are, they remain only a small part of the national gun violence epidemic that kills almost 100 Americans every day — seven of whom are children and teens (age 19 or under). Any school and student safety agenda that ignores this reality is doomed to fall short.
As members of the North Carolina House of Representatives’ Select Committee on School Safety prepare for the May legislative session, it is imperative that they avoid this shortsighted mistake and acknowledge the need for investments and interventions that address existing cycles of violence, diverse student needs and prioritize the creation of inclusive school environments that are safe for every child. To this end, a handful of obvious strategies stand out:
Secure funding for student supports: The best line of defense
Promote “trauma-informed” schools
In order to prevent violence in schools, we must address the challenges children bring with them. A growing body of research points to the need to understand how childhood trauma (commonly referred to as Adverse Childhood Experiences or “ACE’s”) impact a student’s academic outcomes, social-emotional well-being and predict their likelihood of developing future chronic diseases. Trauma-informed schools seek to remove the stigmas attached to individual students, work toward building positive environments and strengthen networks of support.
School-based strategies and professional development training can create a trauma-informed culture in which students can actually reduce toxic stress, build resiliency and develop the coping skills needed to thrive. Particular focus is also needed to address the trauma immigrant students, their families and the school staff that serve them are experiencing during this moment of heightened immigration enforcement activity and the constant threat of deportation.
Increase funding for school psychologists, counselors and social workers
North Carolina’s shortage of school psychologists, counselors and social workers has become both extreme and chronic. In many parts of the state, schools go days without a visit from any such professionals. This hard reality limits our ability to effectively address student trauma and meet the ongoing needs of our children. In order to retain current practitioners and attract new school support staff to our state, we must allocate additional funding for their positions and make their salaries more competitive.
Commit to funding school nurses
School nurses are fundamental in addressing a child’s health needs and to promoting a healthy school environment. Unfortunately, North Carolina’s current student to nurse ratio is 1: 1,086 with some districts far surpassing that number. Cumberland County has only one nurse for every 2,242 students. Only five out of 115 districts report a nurse in every school.
Invest in school-based strategies that deescalate violence
“Restorative justice” practices focus on conflict resolution rather than relying solely on punitive measures that serve to worsen North Carolina’s existing school-to-prison pipeline crisis. Any effort to increase the presence of law enforcement and SRO’s on school campuses must also consider the need for appropriate training and oversight so that disciplinary measures do not continue to disproportionately affect students of color.
Shift from preparation to prevention
One point of which law and policy makers must be constantly reminded is the fact that resource-starved schools are made more vulnerable to the cycle of violence and are in a compromised position to effectively respond to students’ needs. One of the lead organizers from Parkland, Ryan Deitsch, underscored this point during his speech at March for Our Lives in Washington. “We need to arm our teachers, with pencils, pens, paper and the money they need,” he rightfully observed.
In this vein, North Carolina lawmakers would be wise to heed the call of those most impacted by our state’s education budget priorities (our students) by reversing the decade-long trend that has resulted in our state’s public school, per pupil funding plummeting from its previous, top 20 ranking to 43rd in the nation.
No one who has been paying even passing attention to the debates over gun violence and school safety has any illusion that the solutions will be easy. The state House’s new school safety committee is just the latest version of an effort first initiated more than two decades ago—one that, unfortunately, ran out of funding. If, however, North Carolina chooses to prioritize investments in supporting and expanding student supports, school staff and initiatives that repair harm and address trauma, we will be closer to ensuring safe school environments for every student.
Download a copy of our infographic: NC’s Missed Opportunity
Sarah Montgomery is a Policy Advocate with the NC Justice Center’s Education & Law Project.